Flow Finder Uses About Air Flow Restriction Flow Finder Engineering Symbols Identifying Bad Flow TDs Checking FTD Accuracy Choosing Flow Finder Ranges Flow Finders/Pipe Purification Flow Finders & High Valves Flow Finder vs. Portable Flow Rater Miscellaneous Topics Flow Gauge Conversions Using Flow Finders on Route that Does Not Have Flow Transducers Concerning Pressure Drop
In this Tip of the Week article, we'd like to discuss why Flow Finders measure air flow more accurately than a portable flow rater. We've been asked repeatedly over the years why readings from a portable flow rater at an air pipe manifold never add up to the flow indicated by the flow transducer. There's a logical explanation for this, and we can prove it with a simple experiment.
Article #9: Flow Finder Vs. Portable Flow RaterSeptember 18, 2006
When a flow rater is used to take a flow measurement at an air pipe manifold, its air chucks must first be installed on the manifold's pressure testing valves. Then, a shutoff valve on the manifold is closed and the air is redirected through the flow rater (as shown in the figure below).
This rerouting of air flow is the actual cause of inaccurate readings. Because the air must travel through the flow rater, the air chucks, the pressure testing valves and the tubing, it is restricted considerably. This restriction reduces or slows down the "real" flow and causes a reading that is less than accurate. So, the higher the flow being measured, the greater the inaccuracy. In fact, it's not uncommon to have a flow transducer at a manifold indicate a flow of 18 Standard Cubic Feet per Hour (SCFH), while the flow rater shows a flow of 10 or 11 SCFH.
Because the Flow Finder uses a different concept for measuring air flow, this rerouting of air doesn't occur. The Flow Finder simply creates a slight pressure differential over a calibrated orifice, which can then be measured with the Flow Gauge (as shown in the illustration below).br>
In order to see the discrepancies that occur when using a portable flow rater versus a Flow Finder, you many like to try the following experiment. Install a 019 SCFH Flow Finder either before or after the flow transducer on a manifold. Hook up the Flow Gauge to the Flow Finder. Now read each individual cable with a portable flow rater. As each cable is read, you'll discover that the flow indicated by the Flow Finder will be reduced each time air is rerouted through the portable flow rater (figure below).
So, give this experiment a try and give us a call. We'd like to know what your results show.